Posts Tagged ‘industrial’
Preservation is a big offer right now. Preserving energy, recycling where possible, and re-using things has become a mainstream motion, and as a licensed electrician I’m beginning to view it in my business as well.In the previous, when a client improved or fixed a tool, whether it is a light light fixture, buster solar panel, as well as signal buster I i never thought twice about throwing all of them in the dumpster, even if these were still working products. It simply was not really worth time to try to recycle or recycle them. However, a few months ago I was looking online and realized that there’s a lot of websites where you can market all of them your old electric parts. The majority of of these sites only concentrate on industrial and industrial electric components, however. These businesses clean, repair, and recondition the used components and then resell all of them. It is a fantastic way to reuse numerous of the parts us electricians substitute, and an effective way for these recycling businesses to make extra cash!The first time I used one of these recycling where possible businesses involved five months ago. I changed about twenty circuit breakers in a manufacturing plant and known as one of the recycling companies to see if they would want to consider purchasing all of them. They told me in order to ship the breakers to them, and bought all of them for a decent price. I calculated my personal revenue and gave the factory a price reduction on their own restore expenses. Those 20 breakers will be totally refurbished, examined, and resold. That’s twenty less breakers that’ll be to be created, and twenty less breakers in the landfills! It’s the win-win situation for everyone.The next time I sold a few used breakers to some recycling organization I known as these phones ask just how these people recycling where possible the breakers and they gave me a very detailed explanation of how it’s done. First, each buster is introduced and cleaned and looked over. They are totally separated, analyzed on the within, fixed as needed, and after that place to with each other and place on the ledge to market. This organization actually adds a one-year warranty to all of the used breakers they sell.
We actually found out there is an business team called Pearl (Expert Electric Equipment Recyclers Category) which sets standards for reconditioning and recycling electrical components. They possess specifications for recycling where possible used breakers, motor starters, electric motors, contactors, relays, and much more. Ends upward that you could recycle just about any electrical gadget!
The electrical business offers typically already been just a little at the rear of the times as far as producing changes to the way we do issues goes, however I am fired up to see some new changes coming in. Nearly each and every business and business in the US is attempting to go green, recycling, and decrease their waste and through recycling electrical components I understand I’m doing my part to visit green.
For those who have electrical parts to recycling, search online for firms that sell those parts and give them a call to see if they happen to buy them and recondition all of them. Many businesses have began providing these types of services.
Steel manufacturing is another avenue of producer that relies heavily on different microns (width) of their own raw materials when producing anything from warm water urns in order to the linen metal utilized in creating vehicle bumpers. Consider the weak point and challenges and strains that need to be regarded as for these raw materials whenever creating metal created items.
The same would affect wooden and specialist timbers that are used in the manufacturing of kitchen cabinets, yachts and furnishings products as all timber reacts inside a different method whenever put through heat, d old and dampness.
These types of materials are very carefully selected to make sure their own longevity when goods are produced. Many trials are performed to pick the right material for the work. Taking right down to your local DIY provider will not offer you the quality and diversity require in the production sector and for this reason you can get this type of large selection of options for a person intended software from an industrial materials organization.
The roots of commercial architectural could be traced back to a variety of sources. Fredrick Winslow Taylor is most often considered as the dad of industrial architectural even though just about all their suggestions exactly where not original. A few of the previous influences may have been Adam Smith, Jones Malthus, David Ricardo and Steve Stuart Generator. Just about all of their own functions supplied traditional generous explanations for the achievements and restrictions of the Commercial Revolution.
An additional major cause of the field was Charles Watts. Babbage. a mathematics professor. One of their main efforts in order to the field was their book On the Economy of Equipment and Producers in 1832. In this guide he talks about a variety of subjects dealing with production, several of which is very acquainted to an IE. Babbage discusses the concept of the understanding contour, the division of job and exactly how understanding is actually impacted, and the impact of learning on the era of waste.
In the past due 19th century more developments where becoming made that will lead to the formalization of industrial engineering. Henry Ur. Towne stressed the financial element of a good engineer’s work. Towne belonged in order to the American Culture of Mechanical Technical engineers (ASME) as did many other earlier American innovators in this brand new field. The IE guide states the, “ASME had been the reproduction ground for commercial architectural. Towne together with Fredrick The. Halsey worked on creating and presenting wage motivation plans to the ASME. It was away of these types of meetings which the Halsey strategy of wage repayment created. The objective ended up being to increase the efficiency of employees without negatively impacting the cost of production. The strategy suggested which some of the increases be shared with the employees.. This really is one earlier instance of one revenue discussing strategy. Read the rest of this entry »
For students interesting in work as an industrial engineer, there are many different job opportunities emerging in this field. Knowing where to look for these jobs is half the battle. However, this guide to finding jobs in industrial engineering should be a helpful too for anyone looking for these types of engineering jobs.
One of the important things to remember about industrial engineering jobs is that they are everywhere. Airlines, construction companies, architects, mining and oil companies, and more are always looking to hire them. That is because the engineers are the ones responsible for making sure that everything goes according to plan. These professionals are those who help make sure that a building project is safe and built according to rules and regulations. In many ways, they save many companies from lawsuits that result from personal injury and improper building structures. The role of these individuals is important, and for that reason they are in high demand in many different areas.
Mining and oil companies are some of the top areas which offer jobs in engineering for similar reasons. Mining and oil companies must be able to ensure the safety of their employees in sometimes very dangerous settings. They are also responsible for making sure that the companies are using their resources at the most effective levels. This includes staff, supplies, money, and any other resources. This is very important for all types of business operations because it reduces cost levels and increases productivity and, therefore, profits. By maintaining a high level of efficiency as well as ensuring the safety of a company’s resources, the industrial engineers provide a valuable service to these companies and are often well-compensated for their efforts.
Jobs for industrial engineers continue to grow as technology changes and becomes more available. People on this career are great at mastering new technologies and putting them to good use in a variety of settings. Computer companies may hire an industrial engineer to study their products and to improve them; architects may also employ someone in the field for advice on proper building procedures.
The estimation of production cost, creation of effective product design, development of production standards, revision of production schedules, delegation of responsibilities to the workers and completion of production within the given time frame are the major tasks executed by an engineer.
Industrial Engineer decides and monitors the quality control objectives, and resolves any sort of problem that occurs during the production process. His main focus is always on the efficient production and cost minimization. He also keeps an update of the project status, purchases, manufacturing and production processes. Also, the design, layout and draft of the equipments and materials are summarized by him.
Mechanical knowledge is one aspect without which a person can not realize the dream of making a career in industrial engineering. An engineering degree coupled with the knowledge of industrial production and technology is the foremost qualification required for a job of industrial engineer. A keen design sense, command on English language and computer knowledge are the other requirements to do the work of an industrial engineer.
A strong background of Mathematics is compulsory since the work involves the application of arithmetic, calculus, algebra, geometry and statistics. The job profile also demands a command on management and administration principles which are the basic tools for resource allocation, production and strategic planning, and; work coordination and delegation.
An ability to think logically and critically helps industrial engineers to weigh the various available options and take the best decision in favor of efficient production. They should also possess the active listening and fast reading skills to take the desired steps in flick of seconds. Quick decision making and excellent time management skills make the person doing industrial engineering jobs, quite resourceful.
A majority of all industrial occupations involve overexertion that invariably leads to accidents and hazards. Handling and storing materials in different industries involve diverse operations such as hoisting tons of steel with a crane; driving a truck loaded with concrete blocks; carrying bags or materials manually; and stacking palletized bricks or other materials such as drums, barrels, kegs, and lumber. A survey reveals that an estimated 30 percent of the workforce is exposed to the hazard of lifting everyday. Materials handling equipment are an essential solution for reducing the risk of physical injuries for employees at work place.
Manual material handling implies unaided moving of objects, which often leads to twisted and awkward postures resulting in musculoskeletal disorders. Moreover, with the increase in the female population at workplaces and a generally older workforce, risk of injuries due to manual material handling has certainly increased. Having the right material handling equipment has become essential for a smooth and efficient workflow and high productivity.
Material Handling Equipment can be custom built in any shape or form to suit any application. Material handling equipment is used to transport, stack, recover and feed bulk materials. The concept of material handling equipment is to provide bulk material handling solutions to industries worldwide. Rollers, belts and chains are among the items that can be incorporated into a custom-built piece of material handling equipment. A variety of hydraulic and electric drives are also available. Every piece of equipment is ruggedly constructed for many years of operation.
The perfect choice of material handling equipment and good design of the material handling system and facility layout can increase productivity and reduce investments and operations’ costs. When deciding what material handling equipment to use, it is important to take into account the general characteristics of the equipment types available in the market.
Among the major materials handling equipment are Conveyors, Stackers, Reclaimers and Hoppers. Conveyors often referred to as conveyor belts are made of two end pulleys with a continuous loop of rotating material feeding through them. Conveyors are used to transport materials such as coal, ores and grains. Stackers are another form of material handling equipment used to stack bulk material onto a stockpile. Reclaimers work closely with stackers. Reclaimers are used to recover bulk material that has been placed in a stockpile. Hoppers are also a type of material handling equipment. Hoppers help to feed bulk materials into other machines.
Material handling equipment is undoubtedly the best solution to improve productivity while reducing the potential of workplace injury. Versatility, reliability, state-of-the-art technology and superior execution are making modern material handling equipment an utmost necessity for a variety of industries. Reduce the total amount of required manual material handling and minimize the hazards associated with these activities by creating a unified material handling system making the right material handling equipment selection. Reduce costs and improve efficiency in industrial material handling by providing the perfect selection of material handling equipment.
Did you know that the exemplar of lean manufacturing, Toyota, assigns an industrial engineer to each foreman in its plants? It’s true. Toyota has long understood the value of optimizing operations through traditional industrial engineering techniques. For example, the company “stopwatches” each operation to assure that the people performing work tasks can actually accomplish the task in an optimal amount of time. Optimal is defined as the rate feasible to do the task “right the first time” according to the Toyota standard method (for quality purposes) and to be economically efficient in the traditional manufacturing cost paradigm. If the time assigned to an operation is not “optimal,” then the workers receive additional training or the operation time is adjusted. Assigning an industrial engineer to each foreman has other benefits – work flow management, cycle time reduction, work methods and the like.
So, how does the Toyota approach – clearly feasible for a multibillion dollar global corporation – relate to the small to medium size enterprise (SME)? The message of the Toyota example is rediscovery of the lost art of industrial engineering and its use in making an SME company lean and cost-effective. Certainly few if any SMEs can afford to have an industrial engineering staff like the one Toyota has, but industrial engineering talent can be obtained in many ways and employed just as effectively,
WHY BOTHER WITH INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING?
Why indeed you may ask? Isn’t labor cost reduction passe with labor costs per unit amounting to six or seven percent of the sales dollar? Does it make sense to try to squeeze an extra quarter second out of an operation by changing the way some one moves their left hand when turning a dial? Furthermore, isn’t labor a variable cost that fluctuates with production requiring us to staff up and down as needed? The answer to all these questions is no. Let’s look at each of these questions and then visualize some benefits from industrial engineering in a twenty-first century style.
Low unit labor costs. It is true that direct and indirect labor on a unit basis is lower than it has ever been in recent memory but, labor is often the single largest non-material total dollar expenditure for most manufacturing companies. It therefore behooves management to insure that the labor force is trim and is not growing out of proportion to the level of sales revenue.
Squeezing the additional quarter second out of the process. The additional fractional time reductions and fractional people reductions (we saved one-third of an employee by doing this!) associated with traditional industrial engineering were no doubt meaningful to cost reduction in the first half of the twentieth century when labor forces were orders-of-magnitude larger. These fractional savings, in fact, added up to actual dollar labor savings back in the day. They have almost no similar value today except to comprehend how jobs may be combined to eliminate duplication or non-value added activities.
Labor variability. One of the enduring myths of the twentieth century (and the twenty-first as well) is the notion that labor varies in direct proportion to output. Labor is now part of the manufacturing company infrastructure and must be managed as a controlled resource and not assumed to be a variable resource. The distinction between controlled and variable is an important one. Controlled implies that as production rises, the labor compliment need not increase if we seek alternative ways to organize and manage the infrastructure. Similarly when output declines, the force may not decline if we are tight on indirect labor in non-production areas and can shift people to such non-value added but necessary, and deferrable, work. In actuality, labor should increment and decrement in “plateaus” or “steps” along the production curve and the increment/decrement plateaus should be actively managed.
Industrial engineering facilitates the management of all of these labor issues. It is now focused on the phenomenon of the “infrastructure” and labor as a significant cost of the infrastructure (hence the title of this article). Stop-watching and labor efficiency variances and comprehension of fractional work can now be used to inhibit the impulse to “hire as a first resort.” If, for example, every time a new direct or indirect labor hire was contemplated, an industrial engineering analysis of the presumed need and the related work in the area was made, work re-engineering and worker redeployment could likely result in avoidance of adding another person to the payroll.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR COST CONTAINMENT/REDUCTION
Ultimately, industrial engineering in the modern sense (the Toyota approach) is about keeping the labor cost infrastructure “right-sized” to the revenue of the enterprise and the elimination of waste. With this in mind, we can examine some ways to reduce costs necessary to right-size and to contain them as growth occurs.
Supervisory span of control. A common but misguided practice is to have too many supervisors in relation to the number of direct labor employees supervised. The textbook ratio of foreman to direct laborers is 1 to 20. If you are at 1 to 19, not to worry but if you are at 1 to 10, the span of control is worth a look.
Unbalanced lines. Line balancing is one of the basic tenets of industrial engineering. In the “old days” of extensive manual operations, it had much to do with stop-watching of individuals but now it is directed toward balancing around a machine constraint in a production cell. Frequently, line balancing can result in lower crewing of cells by having workers move back and forth around the constraint device.
Timed operations and earned hours. While the concept of “earned hours” according to engineered standards is often misunderstood and misused, measuring the overall efficiency of large operations over relatively long time periods is a good indicator of real crewing needs. The caution here is not to calculate labor efficiency variances by individual shop orders or small departments by the day but rather to calculate it and report it for an entire department of perhaps twenty-five people in periods of no less than one week.
Extended meal break time frame to limit “floaters.” In shops where machines pace the plant, floaters are employed to substitute for machine tenders on scheduled breaks for meals. The number of such floaters is often dictated by the period in which the meal break is taken and, of course, the number of employees and machines. For example, if meal-breaks on the first shift are taken between eleven AM and one PM, more floaters will be needed than if the meal-break period was extended to two PM and fewer floaters could cover multiple breaks sequentially.
Cellular organization. Much is written about cellular organization lately. Re-engineering the plant into product cells is the modern equivalent of old-fashioned plant re-layouts. The labor cost advantage is that workers can multitask in “U” or “J” shaped cells instead of being chained to a particular station and operation. And, if workers can move around and multitask in a cell, you need less of them.
Set-up reduction. Rarely do we hear that set-up reduction can have an impact on labor costs but it does. Similar to the economics of cellular organization, set-up reduction avoids the waste of additional labor infrastructure by contributing to a high rate of machine utilization and thereby requiring fewer people waiting on set-ups. Reducing set-up time is a fine example of industrial engineering value in eliminating wasted time with consequent lower cost and greater throughput.
Create cost containment metrics. The keys to successful use of metrics are threefold: controllability of the processes being measured by shop management, a feeling of accountability to senior management for achieving numerical success and, connection to financial results. There are metrics that express labor cost utilization and containment – here are some to consider: first time quality, machine uptime as a percentage of scheduled uptime, shop order due date performance. These and other metrics measure the underlying cause of the need for labor. Machine uptime, for example, tells us if we are wasting the labor resource by having machines idle and the workers assigned to them idle as well.
Do it right the first time. There is probably no greater waste of labor (and other) resources than rework. Enforcing a first time quality ethic can result in lower labor cost by avoiding this egregious form of waste.
So where are you in the labor cost continuum? If you feel the pinch of lower profitability whether felt in less sales per employee or a cost creep that seems to be encroaching on your revenues or a higher break-even point, you may be a candidate for right-sizing your labor infrastructure to fit your revenue base. Toyota, always the leader in manufacturing management methods, has reinvented the idea of industrial engineering in the modern era to, among other things, contain labor costs. Perhaps, your labor infrastructure can benefit from an industrial engineering diagnosis as well.
Noise refers to any unwanted sound that is unpleasant to the mind and ears. It is always best to keep the noise levels under control to have a pleasant and peaceful mind. In our daily life, nearly all equipment produce noise, however, noise produced in audio equipment such as microphone, amplifiers and recording systems should be very low.
Recording studios, radio stations and other commercial places use noise measuring equipment for producing good results. There are many types of noise measuring equipment suitable for measuring environmental noise, community noise, music noise, machinery noise, and road vehicle exhaust noise. Some measuring equipment is useful for testing fire alarms, pyrotechnics, and fireworks. While some noise test equipment is used for quality control of engines, gearboxes, axles etc.
Due to the fact that noise contains energy spread over a wide range of frequencies and levels, a simple level meter or voltmeter does not produce useful results instead a special noise-measuring instrument is required. The instruments for measuring noise include sound level meters, noise dosimeters and auxiliary equipment. The sound level meter is a basic instrument which is an electronic instrument consisting of a microphone, an amplifier, various filters, a squaring device, an exponential averager and a read-out calibrated in decibels (dB).
Sound level meters are categorized by their precision a type 0 is the most precise while type 3 is the least precise. In laboratories a type 0 meter is used, while a type 1 meter is used for other precision sound level measurements. Type 2 is the general purpose meter, and type 3 is the survey meter, which is not recommended for industrial use.
Sound level meters have built-in frequency weighting devices that allow most frequencies to pass. The A-weighting network is the most commonly used filter which simulates the response curve of the human ear at moderate listening levels. These meters offer different levels of meter responses to choose from.
The “slow” response comes has a 1-sec time constant, whereas the “fast” response has a 0.125-sec time constant. The “impulse” response has a 35 ms response for the increasing portion of the signal and a 1500 ms time constant for the signal’s decay. Results are displayed in the form of a graph on the screen of the measuring equipment. Lately, sound level meters are becoming increasingly small portable devices that can be easily connected to a range of software and via a range of communications options.
You want to earn the sort of salary you can be proud of, don’t you? You’re probably even sick of your smug Uncle who went to medical school getting all the attention at family gatherings? The mining industry is turning many regular people like you and me into very rich, happy individuals.
Forget all the stereotypes- like the one about it being a boys club only- the mining industry has evolved into one of the most professional industries in the world. Men and women of all ages and from all backgrounds are finding extremely satisfying employment as miners. It’s a diverse and equitable pastime.
And with salaries of well over a hundred thousand dollars a year being very achievable, it’s no wonder people are taking a change in direction with their career and heading off into the remote areas of the world to make their fortune. In fact, some miners earn three or four times what an executive can.
Driven by the booming industrial revolutions of India and China, mines in countries like Canada, Australia and parts of Africa are in overdrive and consequently suffering from acute skills shortages. This means that they are in need of skilled workers to mine their ample resources and turning to overseas workers to fill the void.
So what skills do you need?
The good news is that you don’t need to be an engineer to work in mining- although being an engineer certainly puts you at the top of the pile- many trades like electrical and mechanical are in high demand. But then there’s the other jobs.
For open cut mining, dump truck drivers are required in large numbers. Don’t be over awed by some of those trucks either, they are as easy to drive as your average family sedan.
For remote mines, like in central Australia, employees are needed for typical mining jobs as well as facility jobs like catering and cleaning.
Maybe you like the idea of running your own business?
Mining contractors can range from safety consultants to environmental advisors. But that’s only the start; organizations are required for contracted work like cleaning, maintenance, security and a host of other services.
So how do you find out more?
The mining industry is often considered one of the world’s best kept secrets and so many people, like me some time ago, just don’t know where to start. That was until I found a great site that introduces people to the mining industry and gives great information on which companies are hiring staff and where.