Material Handling & Packaging
Material handling equipment is equipment that’s specifically designed for mechanically handling packaged or bulky items, generally in a production, shipping or storage facility. Selecting the right material handling equipment is vital, because it affects the operating cost and operational efficiency of a factory. The material to become handled, the guarana plant building, and the issues of urgency and safety are a few factors affecting the conclusion on selecting the right material handling equipment.
The equipment is designed after taking into consideration the direction, speed of motion and also the level of supervision required. Normally, the gear employed for lighter loads includes wheelbarrows, trolleys and pulley blocks. Trucks, cranes and hoists, monorails and lifts are regularly employed for heavy loads. In mass production facilities, conveyors, slides and chutes are also used.
Material handling equipment can be generally classified as transport equipment, positioning equipment and unit load formation equipment.
Transport equipment is used to move materials from one location to another. It includes cranes and industrial trucks. Positioning equipment is used to handle material at a single location, in order that it is in the correct position for subsequent handling, machining, transport, or storage. It includes hoists and lifts. Unlike transport equipment, positioning equipment is usually used at a single workplace. Unit load formation equipment is used to maintain integrity when handling a single load during transport and for storage. It includes pallets, bags and skids. Read the rest of this entry »
Material handling demands systematic recording, crucial evaluation and overseeing of all related actions to get rid of as many unnecessary movements as you possibly can. It’s a main activity in all sectors and entails numerous people and specific materials dealing with gear.
Different types of material dealing with processes are required at different places. Cranes are utilized at docks, trucks are used to transportation manufacturing plant items and conveyor belts are utilized from airports. The main goals of material handling are to prevent damage and improve productivity. In the event that one views lengthy lines from supply and dispatch places or maybe one receives items inside a broken condition or even at a date much later compared to the anticipated day of shipping, it’s definitely an instance of bad material dealing with.The
2 main factors affecting material dealing with are based on engineering and financial aspects. The character of the
Usually, materials handling is considered an essential activity along all the links of the supply string, which include production, submission, storage and retail. Reducing the complexity of handling procedures can improve productivity and cut costs.
Packaging materials are used to keep products identified, protected and undamaged during delivery. There are different types of packaging, depending upon the types of products being packaged. The most important and popular one is encapsulated air plastic sheeting, which is commonly known as bubble wrap and uses encased air bubbles in the midst of plastic sheeting to protect goods from shock during transportation. This is an ideal packaging material for lightweight goods and can be shaped to wrap around any size of product. If the product is heavy then these products may deflate the sheeting, making it ineffective.
Corrugated cardboard is another important packaging material. It cushions the goods and provides a protective shield, due to the rigidness of the board. It is better used for heavy items. Unfastened fill peanuts are made of durable polystyrene. However, this is not a full-proof method for flat objects that move during transportation. Foam sheeting made of polyethylene is lightweight and provides padding for lightweight products. Inflated packaging uses air pressure to secure the goods. Craft paper, when stacked, makes excellent package material. Apart from these there are alternative packaging materials also which hang the product within the package, but these are expensive.
Packaging materials use huge quantities of the world’s natural resources and currently account for around five percent of waste materials. About sixty percent of all packaging is for food products; most of them are not to protect and preserve the goods but to enhance the appearance and increase sales of the product. The best packaging materials from an ecological standpoint are cardboard and wooden boxes.
A majority of all industrial occupations involve overexertion that invariably leads to accidents and hazards. Handling and storing materials in different industries involve diverse operations such as hoisting tons of steel with a crane; driving a truck loaded with concrete blocks; carrying bags or materials manually; and stacking palletized bricks or other materials such as drums, barrels, kegs, and lumber. A survey reveals that an estimated 30 percent of the workforce is exposed to the hazard of lifting everyday. Materials handling equipment are an essential solution for reducing the risk of physical injuries for employees at work place.
Manual material handling implies unaided moving of objects, which often leads to twisted and awkward postures resulting in musculoskeletal disorders. Moreover, with the increase in the female population at workplaces and a generally older workforce, risk of injuries due to manual material handling has certainly increased. Having the right material handling equipment has become essential for a smooth and efficient workflow and high productivity.
Material Handling Equipment can be custom built in any shape or form to suit any application. Material handling equipment is used to transport, stack, recover and feed bulk materials. The concept of material handling equipment is to provide bulk material handling solutions to industries worldwide. Rollers, belts and chains are among the items that can be incorporated into a custom-built piece of material handling equipment. A variety of hydraulic and electric drives are also available. Every piece of equipment is ruggedly constructed for many years of operation.
The perfect choice of material handling equipment and good design of the material handling system and facility layout can increase productivity and reduce investments and operations’ costs. When deciding what material handling equipment to use, it is important to take into account the general characteristics of the equipment types available in the market.
Among the major materials handling equipment are Conveyors, Stackers, Reclaimers and Hoppers. Conveyors often referred to as conveyor belts are made of two end pulleys with a continuous loop of rotating material feeding through them. Conveyors are used to transport materials such as coal, ores and grains. Stackers are another form of material handling equipment used to stack bulk material onto a stockpile. Reclaimers work closely with stackers. Reclaimers are used to recover bulk material that has been placed in a stockpile. Hoppers are also a type of material handling equipment. Hoppers help to feed bulk materials into other machines.
Material handling equipment is undoubtedly the best solution to improve productivity while reducing the potential of workplace injury. Versatility, reliability, state-of-the-art technology and superior execution are making modern material handling equipment an utmost necessity for a variety of industries. Reduce the total amount of required manual material handling and minimize the hazards associated with these activities by creating a unified material handling system making the right material handling equipment selection. Reduce costs and improve efficiency in industrial material handling by providing the perfect selection of material handling equipment.
Materials handling is a vague concept to the average person. Those outside of the warehouse or industrial supplies businesses consider it to be the simple process of “moving stuff around.” Those whose job it is to ensure that materials and goods handling goes smoothly and efficiently have a great deal to say about it, though, because the handling of materials is at the heart of their business.
Warehouse supply companies define materials handling very broadly. They see it as much more than just the transport or manipulation of materials. Like an organism or machine, a warehouse is a dynamic system, all of whose parts are interconnected. Therefore, they consider anything that is connected with the safe and time-efficient handling and storage of any materials to be an integral part of the whole warehouse.
A pallet rack is essentially a stationary object, but to the warehouse manager and staff, it is as indispensable as the forklift, a more obvious example of a piece of materials handling equipment. With the invention of the forklift, the transport and movement of goods and materials was changed forever. This changed the way the world handled materials and it is no exaggeration to say that the forklift revolutionized the warehouse industry, but without pallet racks, it could not operate as efficiently as it does.
Industrial designers and engineers are well aware of the relationship between the goods stored on pallet racks and the function the pallet racks must perform. That is why they have designed different types of pallet racks for different purposes. Pallets of perishable goods, for instance, must be moved on a “first in, first out” basis, so Pallet Flow racks have been engineered to let gravity move pallets in order of placement for efficient rotation of stock. The typical Selective pallet rack, on the other hand, allows the forklift operator to pick and choose between different pallets.
Forklifts and pallet racks can be seen as most essential when materials are being delivered to the warehouse and removed from the warehouse. There are many other material handling operations that require specialized supplies in the warehouse as well.
The tape dispenser, while small and seemingly trivial, is, in its way, as much a part of the process of handling materials as is the forklift. In order to pack goods into boxes efficiently, a good tape dispenser is a necessity. It must operate smoothly and quickly and at the same time ensure the safety of the handler, minimizing or eliminating the risk of even slight injury. Safety and efficiency are two things that are essential components of every piece of materials handling equipment, no matter how large or small.
When it comes to the large, heavy and potentially dangerous equipment, the problems of design and construction are more complex. Many warehouses cannot operate efficiently without having at least one vertical personnel lift, for instance. Since the lift is carrying warehouse personnel to dangerous heights, it must be designed with the operator’s safety in mind, without sacrificing his ability to do his job.
Safety and Efficiency – these are what materials handling means to those in the warehouse supplies industry. That is why everything, from a good pair of driver’s gloves to a vertical personnel lift, must be included in their definition of materials handling equipment and goods.
Material handling or bulk material handling is a branch of engineering that deals in designing equipments for transporting materials in large quantities in a planned and effective way. In simple terms material handling is all about creating the products that help in moving things from one place to another. However various other tasks such as assembly line management, waste handling and storage etc. also fall within the purview of material handling. All in all the material handling systems have several strands working collectively to make business functions more efficient and cost-effective. As technology is advancing day by day the techniques in material handling are also increasing.
Today there are quite a few material handling companies that offer material handling equipment and material handling systems. One of the recognized names in this area is FedEx. FedEx Freight comprises of three freight companies that have generated incredible and revenue of $29.4 billion in 2005. Everyday FedEx handles around 65000 shipments and there are more than 27,000 people working in the company. Right now FedEx aims at enhancing its market share by offering “just in time” service.
Another remarkably performing material handling company is Clark. Located in Lexington, Kentucky, Clark Material Handling Company or CMHC manufactures forklift trucks. Recently the company has come up with a collection of around 20 different models of forklift trucks. Clark is till date credited with having invented the world’s first truck with a hydraulic lifting mechanism, the Truclift, in 1920. Truclift is the forerunner to contemporary forklift trucks.
Nestled in Southern California is the holistic solutions provider in logistics, Logistics Edge Company. Along with transportation and shipping warehousing, storage, fulfillment, assembly, labeling and packaging are other Third Party Logistics solutions provided by the company. The company offers facilities for online inventory tracking and provision for customized warehousing solutions. Logistics Edge makes use of latest web based software applications and warehouse management software systems. Moreover the company has an ideal location on the West coast. This feature is not just beneficial for the company in terms of easy access to many significant ports but is also a boon for its clients as the services of the company are offered at affordable rates.
In case of companies manufacturing material handling systems, the SSI Schaefer Company ranks first. SSI Schaefer Company is globally acclaimed to be the world’s largest supplier and manufacturers of best quality material handling systems. Storage and workshop equipment, waste management systems, commissioning and conveying engineering solutions, planning and logistics systems, office furniture etc., are the various other tasks handled by the company.
Another certified manufacturer of material handling equipment is Banyitong Science and Technology Developing Company in Yaohai Industrial Park, China. The company has earned great recognition in the making of hydraulic and electric stackers, drum handlers, electric pallet trucks, electric tow tractors etc. Besides these non-standard products as per the need of customer are also made here.
Not to forget is the Yale Materials Handling Corporation (YMHC). Being a part of the Nacco Materials Handling Group (NMHG), YMHC is a global organization that is a leading provider of high quality performance lift trucks.
Some basic hazardous items such household chemicals may well be able to be just packed in a cardboard box, before sending out via a parcel carrier. However there are a reasonably wide number of items that will require the use of specialist hazardous materials packaging, which may vary wildly in requirements.
The main categories of hazardous items that require specialist packaging to transport are toxic waste or chemicals, biohazards, nuclear, explosive or flammable items. Whilst this list is not comprehensive, and will vary from country to country, it does give you a good idea as to what items your company may handle, that will require hazardous materials packaging to transport them in.
These can vary from the obvious things such as fire retardant packaging for use in packing parcels that may contain potentially inflammable materials, through to more extreme forms of packaging.
Certain medical supplies such as human organs will require very specialist packaging materials to ensure they are bulletproof against damage in transit, and that the organ inside remains healthy. This may involve the packaging requiring external devices to keep it at a set temperature inside, no matter what the temperature is outside.
Other medical items that will require special packaging are those that are required to transport medical waste. Even minor low-level nuclear items such as those for use in research laboratories fall under virtually the same hazardous packaging guidelines as those for high-level nuclear waste.
The watchword here is to think “Would I drive around with that in my car”, if the answer is “No” then you probably have an item that needs specialist hazardous packaging.